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Yeah, I know, "adverb clause" sounds too technical. I prefer calling them AAAWWUBBIS clauses, like Jeff Anderson does in Mechanically Inclined.
What do you need to know about them?
1. They begin with the following words:
3. Where there is an adverb clause, there is a comma nearby (two commas if the clause is in the middle of the sentence).
4. They depend on complete sentences. If you write an adverb clause without one, you will end up with a fragment.
"When you give him the juice, he'll drink it all up."
"It will go higher and higher, until it gets tangled in the apple tree."
"While he's waiting, he'll play a quick game of soccer."
Make the task more challenging by having students write their own If You Give... story, mimicking Numeroff's pattern by starting and ending the story at the same place.
Example (Numeroff's writing with my revisions to fit the assignment):
- If you give a dog a donut, he'll ask for some apple juice to go with it.
- When you give him the juice, he'll drink it all up.
- Because he likes it so much, he'll ask for more.
- Since there won't be any left, he'll want to make his own.
- He'll go outside to pick apples, after leaving behind a mess.
- When he's up in the tree, he'll toss you one.
If all of the rules are followed correctly, the goal of the lesson is accomplished.
...if your students want to have their own versions of an If You Give... book, invite them to revise their sentences to make the story flow naturally, since it sounds clumsy to have every sentence structured the same way.